Gell-Mann, Murray


Gell-Mann, Murray
► (n. 1929) Físico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1969 por sus descubrimientos relativos a las partículas subatómicas.

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(n. 15 sep. 1929, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.).

Físico estadounidense. Entró a la Universidad de Yale a los 15 años y obtuvo su Ph.D. del Instituto de Tecnología de Massachusetts en 1951. Desde 1955 enseñó en el Instituto Tecnológico de California, obteniendo en 1967 la cátedra Millikan de física teórica. En 1953 introdujo el concepto de "extrañeza, una propiedad cuántica que explicaba la forma de desintegración de ciertos mesones. En 1961, junto con Yuval Ne'eman (n. 1925) propuso un esquema (el "Camino óctuple; en inglés, Eightfold Way) que agrupó los mesones y bariones en multipletes de 1, 8, 10 ó 27 miembros sobre la base de diversas propiedades. Especuló que era posible explicar ciertas propiedades de partículas conocidas en términos de partículas aún más fundamentales, o bloques constitutivos, a los cuales más tarde llamó quarks. Se le otorgó el Premio Nobel de Física en 1969.

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • GELL-MANN, MURRAY — (1929– ), U.S. theoretical physicist. Born in New York City and educated at Yale, which he entered at the age of 15 (B.S. 1948), and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Ph.D. 1951), Gell Mann studied physics rather than the languages and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gell-Mann,Murray — Gell Mann (gĕlʹmănʹ), Murray. Born 1929. American physicist. He won a 1969 Nobel Prize for his study of subatomic particles. * * * …   Universalium

  • Gell-Mann , Murray — (1929–) American theoretical physicist Gell Mann was born in New York City, the son of Austrian immigrants. Having entered Yale at the age of fifteen, he went on to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he completed his PhD in 1951.… …   Scientists

  • Gell-Mann, Murray — born Sept. 15, 1929, New York, N.Y., U.S. U.S. physicist. He entered Yale University at 15 and earned his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951. From 1955 he taught at the California Institute of Technology, becoming… …   Universalium

  • Gell-Mann, Murray — (b. 1929)    American physicist and Nobel laureate,1969. Gell Mann, who held the chair of physics at the California Institute of Technology, became known for his work in classifying the ‘jungle of the sub atomic world’. Together with Professor… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Gell-Mann, Murray — (b. 1929)    American physicist. He taught at the California Institute of Technology. He received the Nobel Prize in 1969 …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Gell-Mann, Murray —  (1929–) American physicist, awarded Nobel Prize for Physics in 1969 …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Gell-Mann — Murray …   Scientists

  • Gell-Mann — Gell Mann, Murray …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Murray Gell-Mann — lecturing at TED in 2007 Born September 15, 19 …   Wikipedia


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